UPSC Prelims 2023: Important Protocols and Conventions in Ecology

Montreal protocol - Depletion of ozone & Vienna protocol - protection of ozone layer

Rotterdam Convention - (formally, the Rotterdam Convention on the Prior Informed Consent Procedure for Certain Hazardous Chemicals and Pesticides in International Trade

Kigali agreement - Reduction of HFC

Kyoto protocol - Reduction of green hose gases binding for developed & Paris Agreement - INDC

Bonn convention - conservation of migratory species of wild animals

Rio summit 1992 - UNFCC UNCBD UNCCD & COP27 - loss and damage Fund

Cancun conference - Green climate Fund

Geneva convention - protection of environment during armed conflict

Ramsar convention - protection of wetland

Stockholm convention - persistent organic pollutants

CITES-It is a convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora

Cartagena protocol- Biosafety & minamata convention - Mercury

Nagoya protocol- Access to Genetic Resources and the Fair and Equitable Sharing of Benefits