Monkeypox is caused by monkeypox virus, a member of the Orthopoxvirus genus in the family Poxviridae.

Monkeypox is a viral zoonotic disease.

It occurs primarily in tropical rainforest areas of Central and West Africa.

Monkeypox symptoms are fever, rash and swollen lymph nodes and may lead to a range of medical complications.

Monkeypox usually lasts from 2 to 4 weeks.

The case fatality ratio has been around 3-6%.

Monkeypox virus is transmitted by close contact with lesions, body fluids, respiratory droplets and contaminated materials such as bedding.

The clinical presentation of monkeypox resembles that of smallpox.

Monkeypox is less contagious than smallpox and causes less severe illness.

Smallpox Vaccines also provided protection against monkeypox.